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Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya

Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya
Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya

Dalam pelajaran Bahasa Inggris ada beberapa jenis teks yang sering muncul pada bagian membaca/ reading comprehension diantaranya adalah Descriptive Text, Procedure Text, Narative TextRecount Text, Report Text. Dalam kesempatan ini saya akan mengajak anda untuk membahas salah satu dari kelilma teks diatas, yaitu Descriptive Text. Disini kita akan membahas Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya.

Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya. Selain mengulas mengenai Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya, informasi mengenai fungsi, struktur teks, dan juga unsur kebahasaan dari Descriptive Text tersebut juga akan kita bahas secara lengkap. Berikut penjelasan mengenai Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya

1.    Pengertian Descriptive Text
Descriptive text adalah suatu jenis teks yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan atau mendeskripsikan orang, binatang, tempat ataupun suatu benda. Umumnya, yang dideskripsikan adalah bentuk, ciri, ataupun sifatnya.

2.    Fungsi dan Tujuan Descriptive text. 
Fungsi Descriptive text adalah untuk menjelaskan atau mendeskripsikan orang, binatang, tempat ataupun suatu benda. Umumnya, yang dideskripsikan adalah bentuk, ciri, ataupun sifatnya.

3.    Struktur Teks (Generic Structure).
Adapun struktur dari descriptive text adalah sebagai berikut:
Identification: pengenalan objek atau hal yang akan dideskripsikan.
Description: menjelaskan ciri-ciri objek yang dideskripsikan, misalnya sifat-sifat psikologis perilaku, penampilan fisik, dan yang lainnya secara spesifik.

4.    Unsur kebahasaan.
Descriptive Text  menggunakan unsur kebahasaan sebagai berikut:
a.   Noun: kata benda yang spesifik, misalnya my best friend, my dog, Borobudur Temple, dan lain – lain. Selain itu, terkadang juga menggunakan kata benda yang mendapat pemberian kata sifat, misalnyaan intelligent student dan a big garden.
b.  Simple present tense: menggunakan kata kerja bentuk pertama (verb1) dan juga kata kerja yang dapat menggambarkan keadaan objek atau mengisyaratkan kepemilikan,
Misalnya my house has 2 living rooms, Sinta is beautiful, dan lain – lain.
c.   Adjective: kata sifat digunakan untuk menjelaskan objek dan biasanya menggunakan Noun Phrase.
Contoh: Slim Body, Straight Hair, Pointed Nose, Slanting Eyes, dll.
d.  Language Featuremenggunakan fitur kebahasaan seperti simile atau metafora sebagai cara untuk memberikan ilustrasi perbandingan, misalnya:
My throat is as dry as a dessert (tenggorokanku sekering gurun).
Her skin is as white as cloud and smooth as water (kulitnya seputih awan dan selembut air).

Itulah penjelasan mengenai pengertian, fungsi, struktur teks, dan juga unsur kebahasaan dari Descriptive Text. Berikut dibawah ini saya berikan beberapa contoh Descriptive Text untuk menambah pemahaman kalian sebagai pelengkap artikel Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya ini:


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Pengertian Descriptive Text Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Contohnya
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My Pets
We have three family pets: a dog, a cat, and a tortoise.
The dog’s name is Nero. He is big golden Labrador. He is beautiful. He has big brown eyes and a long tail. He is very friendly dog, but he is sometimes a little stupid. Dogs are expensive to keep but they are fun to play with.
Our cat is named Martha. She is quite young, but she is not a kitten. She is very pretty. She has black and white fur and green eyes. She’s smart, too and very clean.
The tortoise’s name is Rocky. He has short, fat legs, a long neck, and a very hard shell. He is also very old and slow. He’s ugly and dirty, but I like him.


Prambanan
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Central Java in Indonesia, located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta.
The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the largest Hindu temples in south-east Asia. It is characterised by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the 47m high central building inside a large complex of individual temples.
It was built around 850 CE by either Rakai Pikatan, king of the second Mataram dynasty, or Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Sanjaya Dynasty. Not long after its construction, the temple was abandoned and began to deteriorate. Reconstruction of the compound began in 1918. The main building was completed in around 1953. Much of the original stonework has been stolen and reused at remote construction sites. A temple will only be rebuilt if at least 75% of the original stones are available, and therefore only the foundation walls of most of the smaller shrines are now visible and with no plans for their reconstruction.
The temple was damaged during the earthquake in Java in 2006. Early photos suggest that although the complex appears to be structurally intact, damage is significant. Large pieces of debris, including carvings, were scattered over the ground. The temple has been closed to the public until damage can be fully assessed. The head of Yogyakarta Archaeological Conservation Agency stated that: “it will take months to identify the precise damage”. However, some weeks later in 2006 the site re-opened for visitors. The immediate surroundings of the Hindu temples remain off-limits for safety reasons.


Borobudur
The Borobudur Temple Compounds is a ninth century Buddhist temple complex. It was built on several levels around a natural hill.
Borobudur is built as a single large stupa, and when viewed from above takes the form of a giant tantric Buddhist mandala, simultaneously representing the Buddhist cosmology and the nature of mind. The foundation is a square. It has nine platforms, of which the lower six are square and the upper three are circular. The upper platform features seventy-two small stupas surrounding one large central stupa. Each stupa is bell-shaped and pierced by numerous decorative openings. Statues of the Buddha sit inside the pierced enclosures.
The site was rediscovered in the 19th century, and restored in the early 20th. In 1973 a major renovation took place that was funded by UNESCO.
Two smaller Buddhist temples, Pawan and Mendut, are part of the designated area too.


Jaya Ancol Dream Land
Jaya Ancol Dream Land is the largest and most popular recreation centre in the country. Its area is 137 hectares. It is a recreation park not only for children but also for adults. There are three areas which are popular to the visitors. They are oceanorium, swimming area, and fantasy world.
Gelanggang Samudra Ancol (oceanorium) presents the show of dolphins, sea lions and other various animal attractions. Gelanggang Renang Ancol (swimming area) is an ideal attraction for the whole family. There is a separated pool for children, a pool with a current like that of a 150 metre long river, a pool with waves reaching one metre high like sea waves and a pool with sliding fibre-glass facility. Dunia Fantasy (fantasy world) presents some shows from five continents in the world except Australia.


Kyai Langgeng Park
Kyai Langgeng Park is an exotic environmental park located at the western part of Magelang, Central Java on Jl.Cempaka, 19 km from the Ancient Borobudur Temple . It lies just around 1 km away from the center of the city and covers more than 20 hectares of land. Kyai Langgeng Park provides all various collections of rare plants from all around the country, several species of unique animals, and also additional family facilities that is most suitable for recreational visit.
The name of the park is derived from the name of a warrior under Prince Diponegoro, one of Indonesia’s national heroes that’s known for his undying struggle in fighting the colonialists during Diponegoro War (1825-1830) in order to achieve independence, Kyia Langgeng. The late Kyai Langgeng was buried on the area of the park and his grave remains cared for until today.
Kyai Langgeng Park was built by the local government of Magelang and was opened for public in 1987. Besides the rare plants of various species, Kyai Langgeng Park also provides several unique animals. One of them is the 54 year old catfish. Other animals displayed are python snake, eagles, monkeys, deers, jungle chickens, and various species of tropical birds locked in a cage.  There are also fish ponds where you are allowed fishing and also feed the fishes inside them. Another interesting feature is the collection of large dinosaur statues that is often used for photo sessions with family. The park also offers many picnic spots where you can relax with your friends of family and enjoy the tranquility of the natural park.
Besides the main function as an environmental park, Kyai Langgeng Park also provides additional facilities that can add to your options for entertainment at the park. They are the swimming pool, water sports facilities (for surfing, kayaking ,and rafting), tenis court, games arena,  souvenir shops, tropical fruit market, resorts, and others. With the various kinds of facilities that Kyai Langgeng Park provides, it can surely bring convenience for your vacation at this site, where you can also enjoy the astonishing scenary of the surrounding area. This makes the park a perfect combination of natural and manmade park.


One of my lovely clothes is T-shirt. I always wear it every time I hang out.
It is a comfortable T-shirt because it is made of cotton wool and the size matches with my body. The other reason is because it has blue color, my favorite color. It also has fascinating cartoon picture in front of it. It makes my T-shirt looks nice and I feel confident when I wear it.
My mother washes and irons it well. She also gives softener and perfume to care my  favorite T-shirt.


Hi friends! This is my friend Amanda. She comes from Bandung. She was born on June 12, 1995. Her hobbies are singing and dancing. She also likes cooking very much. She lives at 45 Jalan Pesantren Cimahi Bandung. She lives together with her  parents and two brothers. They are Mr. and Mrs. Ujang Priyatna, Pratama and Rizky. Amanda studies at SMP 1 Widodaren. Her older brother is in the first year of SMA, and Rizky is still in SD.  They all love one another.


Mr. Mariyadi is my English teacher. He is a handsome man. He has mustache and short black hair. He is thirty years old. He likes reading newspapers in the morning and watching TV in the afternoon. He teaches us English very clearly. All of the students love him. He makes us understand that English is very important for us.


My Family
My family is a happy family. There are four members in my family. They are my parents, my sister and me. My father is a teacher and he teaches English. My mother is a house wife and she takes good care of us. My sister is in primary three and I am in primary one.
My sister’s hobby is collecting coins. She has a good collection. My hobby is collecting stamps and I have a large collection of stamps.

On weekend, my family usually goes out together. We have lunch at a restaurant or a picnic at the seaside. My parents love us very much .

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