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Modul Bahasa Inggris SMA Kelas XI Semester 1 | Kanjeng Mariyadhies Ngawi I 4








KATA SAMBUTAN


Salah satu upaya untuk melengkapi sumber belajar  yang relevan dan bermakna guna meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di Sekolah Menengah Atas  (SMA),  Al Izzah Group yang merupakan salah satu perintis Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar dan Privat yang terbaik di Ngawi barat mengembangkan buku pelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk siswa kelas XI.

Modul ini merupakan modul khusus yang dilengkapi dengan ringkasan materi, trik mudah dan kumpulan latihan soal yang dikemas sedemikian rupa sehingga siswa dapat memahami materi dengan mudah dan mengarah.

Modul ini telah dinilai oleh tim Peningkatan mutu pendidikan bimbingan dan rapat dewan tentor, dan dinyatakan memenuhi  syarat untuk digunakan sebagai buku pelajaran di Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar dan Privat Al Izzah Walikukun. Para  siswa diharapkan dapat menguasai semua Standar Kompetensi dan Kompetensi Dasar secara lebih mendalam, luas serta bermakna, kemudian dapat mengaplikasikannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dan juga memperolah peningkatan yang signifikan dalam pemerolehan nilai PR, Tugas, Ulangan harian, Ujian Semesteran dan Ujian Nasional.

Saran perbaikan untuk penyempurnaan modul ini sangat diharapkan. Terimakasih setulus-tulusnya disampaikan kepada para rekan yang telah berkontribusi dalam penyusunan modul ini, baik pada saat awal pengembangan bahan ajar, uji coba terbatas, maupun penyempurnaan  sehingga  dapat  tersusunnya  modul ini. Terimakasih dan  penghargaan  juga  disampaikan  kepada  semua  pihak yang telah membantu terwujudnya penyetakan modul ini.





Walikukun, 15 Agustus 2013

https://mariyadhies.blogspot.com/
MARIYADI, S.Pd


.................................................................................................................................






UNIT 4
LETS WRITE A STORY………..
WRITTEN  CYCLE

A. Building knowledge of field

A.1. Exploring your experience

Activity 1
Answer the following questions.
1.     What kind of a narrative do you enjoy most ?
o folktale                                           o   science fiction
o factual story                                    o   others
2.     How do we know that a text is a narrative ?

A.2.Enjoying a narrative

Activity 2
Read the story below and answer the questions.

CINDERELLA


Once upon a time there was a young girl named Cinderella who lived with, her stepmother and two stepsisters.
Cinderella’s stepmother and stepsisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her stepmother made Cinderella do the hardest work in the house, such as scrubbing the floor and cleaning the pots and pans. She gave Cinderella an old ragged dress to wear. The two stepsisters, on the other hand, did no work about the house, and their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.
One day the two stepsisters received an invitation to a ball that the king’s son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.
“Why are you crying, Cinderella ?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her. “Because I want so much to go to the ball,” said Cinderella. “Well,” said her godmother, “you’ve been such a cheerful, uncomplaining, hardworking girl that. I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.
Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s ragged dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now, Cinderella,” she said, “you must leave before midnight.” Then, away she drove in her beautiful coach.
Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’s son. Suddenly, the clock began to strike twelve. She ran towards the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slippers came off and was left behind.
A few days later the king’s son proclaimed he would marry the girl whose foot fitted the glass slipper. The king’s page came to Cinderella’s house. Her stepsisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them no mather how hard they squeezed their toes into it. The king’s page let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot, and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.
Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and lived happily ever after.

Question
1.     Do you enjoy reading the story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
2.     Do you think this is a well-written story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
3.     Is it sad ending or happy ending story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
4.     Who are the characters in this story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
5.     Who is the main character ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
6.     Did the main character find a problem in this story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
7.     Which sentence in the text shows the problem ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
8.     Was the problem resolved ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
9.     Which sentence (s) in the text shows how the problem resolved ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
10.  If you were the prince in this story would you marry Cinderella ? Why or why not ? 
_____________________________________________________________________________

A.2. Grammar Focus

A.2.1. Using Past Tense
A. General Pattern
No.
Name of tense
Pattern
Time references
1.
Past Tense
a. Verb pattern
(+) S + V2
(-)  S + did not + V1
(?) Did + S + V1 ?

b. Be pattern
(+) S + was/were + Noun/Ajd/Adv
(-)  S + was/were not  + Noun /adj/adv
(?) Was/were + S + Noun/adj/adv ?

Yesterday
Last…..
……ago
this morning
in…….(past years)

B. Example
a.     Verb pattern
(+) Andi went to Solo last night.
(-)  Andi didn’t go to Solo last night.
(?) Did Andi go to solo last night?
b.    Be pattern
(+)  Rina was here yesterday?
(-)   Rina wasn’t here yesterday.
(?)  Was Rina here yesterday?

C. Function
    To show a single event done in the past.

Activity 3
Use the correct verbs forms
Number I has been done for you. Work in pairs.
There once (1) was (is) a prince who wanted to marry a princess, but it (2) ­­­­_____ (have) to be a real princerss. So he (3) _____ (go) all over the world looking for a real princess. Everywhere he (4) ____ (meet) young ladies who told him they (5) ____ (are) real princess, but he could never be completely sure that this was true. There was always something about them that (6) ____ (not see) quite right. And so, after a long time, the prince (7) ____ (go) back home to his parents and was very sad.
One evening there was a terrible storm. It (8) ____ (rain) heavily and there was thunder and lighting in the skiy above the royal castle. Then there was a knock at the castle gate. The old King (9) ____ (go out) to see who it (10) ___ (can) be.
A princess was standing out side the gate. The rain (11) ____ (run) down over her hair and clothes and into her shoes. She (12) ____ (tell) the king that she was a real princess, and he (13) ____ (ask) her to come inside.
Well, said to the old queen, “we”ll soon find out if that is true”. She went into the quest bedroom and took the mattress and blanket off the bed. Then she put a little green pea on the bed. She put twenty mattress on top of the pea, and then twenty blankets on top of the mattress. This (14) ___ (is) where the princess was going to spend the night.
The next morning the queen asked the princess how she had (15) ___ (sleep). Oh, it was terrible I answered the princess. I (16) ___ (not close) my eyes all night. I don’t know what was in my bed, but I lay on something hard, and now I am black and blue all over. It was quite trrible night.
Now, the king, the queen and the prince could be sure that this was a real princess. She had (17) ____ (feel) little pea through twenty mattresses and twenty blankts. Only a real princess will be able to do that.
So the princess (18) ____ (marry) the princess, and the pea was put in a museum for everyone to see. And, unless someone has (19) ___ (take) it, it is still there today.

Read the story above again and discuss these question !
1. What is the story about ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________
2. Why did the prince go all over the world ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________
3. Why did the old king go out at the evening ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________
4. How did the queen test the princess that she was the real princess ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________
5. Does the princess a real princess ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________
6. What is the meaning of “black and blue” in par. 5 ?
      _______________________________________________________________________________

A.2.2. Conjunction
Conjunctions are words  which join words or groups of words. There are two principle  types of conjunctions: coordinate and subordinate
  1. A coordinate conjunction joins words or groups of words of equal value
They are and, but, or, nor, for etc.
Example :  The students must buy bag and uniform for going to school
                  My aunt likes  western music but  my mother likes Javanese.
                 The  bowl could be on the cupboard or  in the table
                   We must clean the river from pollutants so water can be drunk
  1. A subordinate conjunction join a dependent clause with an independent clause. They are when, while, where, since, because, if, unless, until, although, as soon as etc.
Exmple            : My father  doesn’t go to his office  because he is ill
                 The employee keeps working  although his body is weak
Activity 4
Fill in the blanks with the suitable conjunctions
1.     You can choose basket ______________football as your favourite sport.
2.     ____________it doesn’t rain this evening, I will go out.
3.     My mother was sleeping in the living room _________I came home last night.
4.     My aunt lives by herself at village_____________she feels happy.
5.     You must take some exercise ____________you’ll be fatter and fatter
6.     I’ll visit my grandma at hospital  _________ I finish doing my homework .

Completing Story

Activity 5
Fill in the missing words with the words in the box.

a.   but                                        e.   one day                    h.   then
b.   for the rest of their lives          f.    never                        i.    so
c.   however                                 g.   suddenly                  j.    this time
d.   instead
 
 




 



NOLBU AND HYUNGBU

( The Story of Two Brothers )

Once there were two brothers. Although Nolbu, the older one, was rich and greedy, Hyungbu, the younger brother, was poor and generous.
(1) __________ when Hyungbu’s seven children were starving, he went to his brother to ask for rice to feed them. (2) __________when Hyungbu’s sister in law saw him, she did not want to give him any rice. (3) ___________she hit him on the cheek with the rice scoop. Hyungbu’s was so hungry that he ate the little bit of rice on his face. Then he turned the other cheek and told her to hit him again. (4) _________she hit him with a clean scoop. On his way home, Hyungbu found a swallow whose leg was broken. He took care of it until it was well, and then he lety it fly away. When spring came, the swallow grought Hyungbu a gourd seed to plant. In the fall, after he harvested the gourds, Hyungbu opened one of them. Gold coins poured out! (5) _________he became a rich man. Nolbu was jealous because his younger brother now had a big house with a beautiful garden. He wanted to know how Hyungbu became so rich. (6) ____________Hyungbu told him exactly what had happened. On the way home from Hyungbu’s house, Nolbu found a swallow. He broke its leg and then cared for it. After it got betteer, he let it fly away. The following year, the swallow brought him a gourd seed. Nolbu did just what Hyungbu had done. But in the autumn, when Nolbu opened his gourd, there was no gold. Instead, dirty water poured out of it. The water flooded his bouse and farm. (7) __________he was a poor man with no food and no roof over his head! Nolbu didn’t know what to do. He begged Hyungbu for help, and of course his kind brother said yes. Then Nolbu understood his own faults. He made up his mind to be a better person. He. His brother, and their families lived together happily (8)______________________.

B. Modeling of Text

B.1. Identifying the structure of a narrative



Understanding the text structure
In pairs, answer the following overtions/
1.     What does the writer want with the story ?
a.     to entertain the readers
b.    to tell the readers about his/her personal experience
c.     to explain about how to do something
2.     In which part does the writer identity the main character of the story and the time and place where the story happened ?
a.     orientation
b.    complication
c.     resolution
3.     Who are the characters in this story ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
4.     Who is the main character ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
5.     When did this story happen ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
6.     Where did this story take place ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
7.     What do you learn from the complication ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
8.     What do you learn from the resolution ?
_____________________________________________________________________________

B.2. Identifying the language features.
Activity 7
In pairs, discuss the questions below.
1.     The story tells us about happenings. The happenings are shown in ….
a.     Action verbs
b.    Saying verbs
c.     Thinking verbs
2.     Why are the action verbs in past tense ?
____________________________________________________________________________
3.     The fellings of the characters, are shown in ….
a.     Action verbs
b.    Saying verbs
c.     Felling verbs
B.3.Identifying the structure of the text.
Activity 8
Label the parts of this story with orientation, complication or resolution.















 
THE LEGEND OF LAKE TOBA


Once, there was a handsome man. His name was Batara Guru Sahala. One day, he caught a fish. He was surprised to find that the fish could talk. It begged Sahala to set it free.
As soon as the fish was free, if charged into a woman. She said that he had to keep the scret that she was once a fish. Sahala promised that he would not tell anyone about it.
They were married happily and had two daughters, one day, Sahala got very angry to his daughters of a fish. The children went home and told their mother about it. Their mother was annoyed, because Sahala broke his promise.
Then the earth began to shake and volcanoes started to erupt. The earth formed a big hole. People believed that the hole became a lake. Then this lake is called lake Toba.

 

C. Joint Construction of Text

Activity 9

Writing an orientation

In pairs, use the following key words/phrase to write on orientation of a narrative.
Remember to use simple past tense.
Look at the example.

No
Key Wors / Phrases
Orientation
1.



2.



3.




4.



5.



6.



7.



8.



9.



10.


a long time ago
old man
patient

once
a bad king
kingdom

in the old days
ants
cicada
friends

once upon a time
an old couple
mount Tengger

long ago
a widow
a small village

one day
a farmer and his son
sell their donkey

long ago
a stork and a wolf
the countryside

once upon a time
a tortoise and a hare
a race

once upon a time
a poor family
one son

once
a man
a wonderful parrot
Puerto Rico
A long time ago, there was an old man who was very patient.
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________


______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________


D. Independent Construction of Text

Activity 10
D.1. Planning a story
Work in groups of three.
Use the key words in the boxes to create a story.
This story is taken from a famous epic “Ramayana”.

Orientation


Lovely Shinta King Rama of Malwapati
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________



Complication

King Rahwana                   kidnapped             marry
very angry                         ordered                 army commander
Hanoman                          invaded                 “Bring Shinta home at whatever cause”

Lovely Shinta King Rama of Malwapati
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________


mobilized                          huge number                     ape soldiers
fought                               a big battle                        duriously

_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________





Resolution

finally              burnt down                  whole kingdom                 defeated

_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________


Activity 11
D. 2. Writing Narrative
Write your own narrative (factual or imaginary) by using the writing planner below.
Get your friend to read your first draft then revise your first draft.
Submit your revised first draft to your teacher and then revise your second draft.
Add some pictures illustration to your narrative. Stick your narrative on the classroom wall and let others read your words

Narrative planner

T I T T L E

__________________
( Give an interesting tittle that attracts your readers attentions )
Setting  
(when ? who ? where ? )
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

Complication

(what was the problem)
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

Resolution

(How was the problem resolved ? How did the story end ?
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________




 Uji Kompetensi 2.

A.Choose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d or e.
Text 1.

The Ducks and the Turtle

Two ducks who lived in a big lake had a friend who was a turtle. One year there was a very little rain and the lake began to dry up. One of the ducks said to the other, ”Soon there’ll be no water in this lake .Let’s go and look for another lake. “ Yes, answered the second  duck, but first let’s say goodbye to our friend, the turtle,”
When they told the turtle they were going to leave, he said,” I’ll die here without any water and without any friends. Take me with you. ”The ducks answered ,”We can’t. We are going to fly, and you have no wings.” The turtle thought for a minute and then said,” Please wait here.” Then he went away and  found a strong, straight stick. He  brought  it back to his friends, put the middle of it in his mouth and said, ”Now if each of you takes me  one end of the stick in his mouth, you can lift me up and carry me with you.”
“There is one danger,” said the ducks,” If you try to talk while we’re carrying you through the air, you won’t be able  to hold the stick, so you’ll fall down along  way  and break your shell.”
“All right,” answered the turtle, ”I promise not to talk while we’re  in the air. So the ducks took the stick and flew away, with the turtle between them. All went well until the were flying over a town. Then some people saw them and shouted, ”Look, those ducks are carrying a cat!”
The turtle got very angry, “ A cat? I’m not …….”he said, but he did not get any further, because when he opened his mouth, the stick came out of his mouth and the poor turtle fell to the ground.

01.   Anita : Who involved in the story?
        Budi  : … .
A.    two turtles and a duck
B.    two ducks and a turtle
C.    a turtle and three ducks
D.    a duck and two turtle
E.    two ducks and turtles

02.  Lina   : What problems faced by The ducks?
       Reni   : … .
A.    A lot of water flows to the lake
B.    Much water flows the lake
C.    Trying to fly
D.    Long rainy season
E.    Long dry season

03. Budi : How to solve the turtle’s problem ?
      Ardi : … .
A.    By drying up the snake
B.    By flooding the snake
C.    By flying away from the dry lake with the help the ducks
D.    By flying down over the town by the help of the duck
E.    By dropping the dog of the town       

04. Asih  : Why did the turtle fall down ?
      Arin   : … .
A.    The turtle is very glad and open its mouth
B.    The turtle is very angry to the ducks’ s words and open its mouth
C.    The turtle wants to say thanks to the turtle and open its mouth
D.    The turtle is very happy and open  its  mouth
E.    The turtle is very sad and open  its mouth

05.  Rina : What is the genre of the text above ?
       Leni  : … .
A.    report text
B.    narrative text
C.    procedure text
D.    recount text
E.    spoof text



Text 2.

Tangkuban Perahu

Dayang Sumbi was exiled in the jungle, because she was unmarried but pregnant. She gave a birth to a baby boy and named him Sang Kuriang. And he became a young and hard working boy. He was a good hunter too.
One day he went hunting with his dog, Si Tumang. In the bush he saw a pig, Wayungyang. He wanted to shoot Wayungyang but Si Tumang hindered him. He was angry at it and killed it, and then took its heart home. He cooked it and ate it with his mother. When he told that it was Si Tumang's heart, she was very angry and hit Sang Kuriang 's head with a spoon. And he ran away and left his mother to the east. He did not know himself and forgot his name. He was about 16 years of age.
After a long time Sang Kuriang came back to the jungle where his mother lived. She looked younger than her age, so Sang Kuriang fell in love with her. "Will you marry me?" one day he asked her. But Dayang Sumbi refused because she recognized that he was her son. He insisted to marry her and Dayang Sumbi asked him two marriage settlements . One, he had to dammed Citarum river, and two, had to make a boat in one night.
Sang Kuriang almost finished his work but Dayang Sumbi cheated him. He was angry and kicked the boat. The boat fell upside down on the peak of mountain. It was known as mount Tangkuban Perahu, at the northern of Bandung, West Java.

06. Lani : Where did the legend come from?
      Ani : it came from … .
A.    East Java                                  C. West Java                            E. DI Yogyakarta
B.    Central Java                              D. DKI Jakarta

07. Bagus         : Who is the main character of the legend?
      Binawan      : I think … .
A.    Dayang Sumbi                          C. Si Tumang                            E. Wayungyang
B.    Sang Kuriang                            D. good hunter.

08. Karen          : What part of sangkuriang body was hit by dayang Sumbi in her anger?
      Charlie        : It is his … .
A.    Hand                                         C. Head                                    E. elbow
B.    Heart                                         D. hip

09.  Lani            : Which word in the text that has the similar meaning with “ requirements” ?
        Dani         : it is .. . .
A.    Refused                                    C. marriage                               E. peak
B.    insisted                                                 D. settlements

10. Dani            : …. and then took its heart home.(prg 2) . The underlined word refers to… .
      Lina                        : … .
a.     Wayungyang                             C. bush                                     E. Tumang
b.    Pig                                           D. hindered

11. Alia             : When did you make this coffee?
      Nina            : I …. . the coffee this morning while you were taking a bath.
A.    Make                                        C. to make                                E. making
B.    Makes                                       D. made

12. Lina             : ……Mitha …… to your house last night ?
      Ani             : Yes, she did.
A.    do, come                                  C. did, come                             E. was, came
B.    does , come                              D. did , came

13. Budi            : My father will come from Hanoi tonight.
      Ali              : What did he say?
      Rara           : He said that … .
A.    my father will come from Hanoi tonight
B.    his father will come from Hanoi the following night
C.    His father would come from Hanoi tonight.
D.    His father would come  from Hanoi the following night.
E.    His father would came form Hanoi the following night.

14. Adi  : Can you meet me tomorrow?
      Ali  : What did he say to me?
      Ria : He asked you …. .
A.    If I can meet you tomorrow.                    D. whether you could meet him the following day.
B.    If can you meet me tomorrow                 E. Whether you can meet him tomorrow.
C.    If you can meet him the following day

15. Malik           : “Switch on the lamp!”
      Ali              : What did he say?
      Zahro          : He ordered you … .
A.    not to switch on the lamp                       D. to not switch on the lamp
B.    switch on the lamp                                 E. switch not the lamp
C.    to switch on the lamp

16. Arin             : Where is your sister?
      Katty          : My sister is the girl …gown is blue.
A.    Who                                                       C. whose                      E. when
B.    Whom                                                    D. which

17. Kelly           : Can you meet me with  Sania, the movie star?
      Arin                        : You have met her. She is the girl ….you talked to yesterday.
      Kelly           : Oh, my God. I didn’t know.
A.    Who                                                       C. whose                      E. when
B.    Whom                                                    D. which

18. Lina : How about this movie. Will you continue its production?
      Ani : As the movie , I won’t continue this movie …..you add more money.
      Lina            : Don’t worry about that.
A.    When                                                    C. because                   E. although
B.    After                                                     D. unless

19. Alia : Why don’t you continue your study?
      Nia : I stop study at school …. My parents have no money to pay the school tuition.
A.    Although                                               C. unless                      E. since
B.    as soon as                                            D. If

20. Lina : Din, what’s the matter with you. Tell me what happened
      Dina: …. . Just leave me alone.
A.    I am glad to hear that                             D. Thanks God              E. Good Fortune
B.    I can’t tell my sorrow                              E. I am happy



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