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Modul Bahasa Inggris SMA Kelas XI Semester 1 | Kanjeng Mariyadhies Ngawi I 3







 KATA SAMBUTAN


Salah satu upaya untuk melengkapi sumber belajar  yang relevan dan bermakna guna meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di Sekolah Menengah Atas  (SMA),  Al Izzah Group yang merupakan salah satu perintis Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar dan Privat yang terbaik di Ngawi barat mengembangkan buku pelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk siswa kelas XI.

Modul ini merupakan modul khusus yang dilengkapi dengan ringkasan materi, trik mudah dan kumpulan latihan soal yang dikemas sedemikian rupa sehingga siswa dapat memahami materi dengan mudah dan mengarah.

Modul ini telah dinilai oleh tim Peningkatan mutu pendidikan bimbingan dan rapat dewan tentor, dan dinyatakan memenuhi  syarat untuk digunakan sebagai buku pelajaran di Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar dan Privat Al Izzah Walikukun. Para  siswa diharapkan dapat menguasai semua Standar Kompetensi dan Kompetensi Dasar secara lebih mendalam, luas serta bermakna, kemudian dapat mengaplikasikannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dan juga memperolah peningkatan yang signifikan dalam pemerolehan nilai PR, Tugas, Ulangan harian, Ujian Semesteran dan Ujian Nasional.

Saran perbaikan untuk penyempurnaan modul ini sangat diharapkan. Terimakasih setulus-tulusnya disampaikan kepada para rekan yang telah berkontribusi dalam penyusunan modul ini, baik pada saat awal pengembangan bahan ajar, uji coba terbatas, maupun penyempurnaan  sehingga  dapat  tersusunnya  modul ini. Terimakasih dan  penghargaan  juga  disampaikan  kepada  semua  pihak yang telah membantu terwujudnya penyetakan modul ini.





Walikukun, 15 Agustus 2013

https://mariyadhies.blogspot.com/
MARIYADI, S.Pd


.................................................................................................................................





UNIT 3

Let me tell you a story, ….
(Spoken Narrative)
A.    Building Knowledge of text

A.1. Vocabulary

Activity 1.
Fill in the blank with the word/words from the box below.

         However                       dying                vegetables                    dig                   dug

           Treasure                        found               lazy                              buried               laziness           
 
 






Hidden Treasure
Once upon a time, a farmer had three sons. The farmer was rich and had many fields.
When the farmer was ………(1), he called his three sons to him. "I have left you …….(2) which will make you rich", he told them. "But you must ……..(3) in all our fields to find the place where the treasure was buried".
After the old man died, his three …….(4) sons went out into the fields. They began to dig. "I'll dig the first to find the place where the treasure was ……..(5)", cried the eldest one. " That's the field where our father put the treasure", said another son.
The three sons dug all the fields for several years, but they ……(6) no treasure.
 ………(7) , many plants grew in the fields because the sons had dug. The ……(8) made them very rich.
Activity 2.
Answer these questions based on the oral text!
1.     Who are the main characters?
        ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2.     When did the story take place?
         ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3.     What did the three sons have to do?
         ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4.     What made the three sons rich?
        ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Activity  3
Change the verbs into past tense!
A. Today I ….                                          Yesterday I ….
1.     begin                                                            ….
2.     come                                                            ….
3.     see                                                   ….
4.     buy                                                   ….
5.     look                                                  ….
B. Today she ….                                   Yesterday she ….
1.     cries                                                  ….
2.     plays                                                 ….
3.     washes                                              ….
4.     Sleeps                                              ….
5.     Has                                                   ….
Activity  4
 Write down the words belong to linking verbs!
1.     Is                                                      4.  ….
2.     ….                                                    5.  ….
3.     ….                                                    6.  ….

A.2. Grammar Focus      
A.2.1.  Indirect speech Affirmative (Pernyataan Tidak Langsung)
To change a direct sentence into indirect one, there are some basic changes that must be considered.
1.     Changes of Tenses
The tense of the direct sentence changes if the reporting verb of the direct tense is in the past form, the tenses in the indirect speech change

Direct Speech
Indirect speech
1.
Simple present tense
Simple past tense

Ira said, “ I like the show”
Ira said that she liked the show
2.
Simple future tense
Past future tense

Ira said, “ I will go to Solo”
Ira said that she would go to Solo
3.
Present perfect tense
Past perfect tense

Ira said, “ I have finished my work”
Ira said that she had finished her work
4.
Simple past tense
Past  perfect tense

Ira said, “ I went out with my father”
Ira said that she  had gone out with her father
      Note: If the reporting verb doesn’t not in past form so the indirect speech tense doesn’t change
      Example:  Maria says, “  I will cook fried chicken tonight”.
                      Maria says that she will cook fried chicken the following night 

     2. Changes of Pronouns

Direct Speech
Indirect speech
1.
Simple present tense
Simple past tense

Ira said, “ I like the show”
Ira said that she liked the show
2.
Present perfect tense
Past perfect tense

Ira said, “ I have finished my work”
Ira said that she had finished her work




     3. Changes in the adverb of times
In direct speech
In Indirect speech
1.     Now
2.     next (month)
3.     tomorrow
4.     last (week)
5.     yesterday
6.     today
7.     tonight
8.     an hour ago
9.     three hours ago
1.     then /at that time
2.     the following (month)
3.     The following day
4.     The previous (week)
5.     The previous day
6.     That day
7.     That night
8.     The previous hour
9.     Three hours before

      Examples:
      Doni said , “ My father will  spend his  holiday in Langkawi Island next week
      Doni said that his father would spend his holiday in Langkawi Island the following week.

       Rina said, “ I came to Slank concert last week
       Rina said that she  had come to Slank concert the previous week.  
Activity 5
Change the sentences below into indirect speech.
Example:    Dina said, “  My sister need new shoes”
                  Dina said that her sister needed new shoes     
1.  Damian said, “  I  will  meet you at school yard”
     Damian said …………………………………………………………………………………………..
2.     Dian and Ana say, “ We are going to take the trip tomorrow”
Dian and Ana say ………………………………………………………………………………………
3.     Gabrielle said, “ I am the most beautiful girl in the world”
Gabrielle said …………………………………………………………………………………………
4.     Diane said to me, “  I was in London when you married”
Diane said to me ……………………………………………………………………………………
5.     Father said, “ I have cultivated this farm for ten years”
Father said …………………………………………………………………………………………
6.     Kelly said, “ My purse lost in my journey  yesterday”
Kelly said ………………………………………………………………………………………………
7.     Marian and Anto said , “ We have been in this resort for a month”.
Marian and Anto said ………………………………………………………………………………..
8.     Adrian told her sister, “ You must leave the building now. It will explode”
Adrian told her sister …………………………………………………………………………………
9.     Mother told me, “ You can take a nap if you feel tired”
Mother told me ………………………………………………………………………………………
10.  Kerry said, “  My father  eats three slices of breads in his breakfast”
Kerry said ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 

      B. Indirect speech Interrogative  (Pertanyaan Tidak Langsung)
To change a direct sentence into indirect one, there are some basic changes that must be considered.
1.    

See the complete explanation in previous page
 
Changes of Tenses
      2.    Changes of Pronouns
      3.    Changes in the adverb of times
      4.    Changes of sentenced format (as in interrogative  form)
            There are two formats in making interrogative indirect speech.
a.     Yes/no question (kalimat tanya yang bisa di jawa dengan Yes atau No). For this form we must add conjunction “If” or ” Whether”  and change the interrogative form into affirmative one.
No.
Direct speech
Indirect speech
1.
Dani asked me, “Do you know me
Dani asked me if I knew him.
2.
Dany asked me, “Are you ill”
Dani asked me if I were ill
3.
Dany asked me, “Can you help me
Dani asked me whether I could help him

b.    Pronominal question ( kalimat tanya yang mengunakan kata tanya – Wh-questions)
For this form we use the Wh question as conjunction then  we change the interrogative form into affirmative one.
No.
Direct speech
Indirect speech
1.
Dani asked me, “Where do you live
Dani asked me where I  lived
2.
Dany asked me, “Who is he
Dani asked me Who he was
3.
Dany asked me, “When will you arrive
Dani asked me when I would arrive
4.
Dany asked me, “Why did Ani go out
Dani asked me why Ani went out
5.
Dany asked me, “How old are you”
Dani asked me How old I was

Activity 6
Change these sentence into indirect speech
Example     : Michael  asked Dina    : “ Can you take me home?”
                    Michael asked Dody if  She could take him home.
1.  Dono  asked me, “    will  you meet me  at  café tonight?”
     Damian  asked me……………………………………………………………………………………..
2.     Dian and Ana asked Mr. John , “ Can you explain us  about TOEFL test?”
Dian and Ana asked Mr. John…………………………………………………………………………
3.     Gaby asked the man , “ Are you the man who helped me last night?”
Gaby asked the man.…………………………………………………………………………………
4.     Diane asked  me, “  were  you in London when I married?”
Diane asked me ………………………………………………………………………………………
5.     Father asked  Dina, “ Have you cultivated this farm ?”
Father asked Dina……………………………………………………………………………………
6.     Kelly asked  my  mother, “ Did  your son take my purse  yesterday?”
Kelly asked my mother………………………………………………………………………………
7.     Marian and Anto asked me , “ Where have you been ?”.
Marian and Anto asked me……………………………………………………………………………..
8.     Adrian asked her sister, “ Why must we leave the building now.? ”
Adrian asked her sister …………………………………………………………………………………
9.     Mother asked  me, “ How  did you feel after  taking  a nap ?”
Mother asked me ………………………………………………………………………………………
10.  Kerry asked, “  Who is he”
Kerry asked..…………………………………………………………………………………………… 


A.3. Language Expression

A.3.1. Expression of Sorrow

Activity 7.
In pairs. read aloud the following dialogue.
Andina  : Hei, … Dini. What’s wrong with you. You look so sad.
Andini   : Please, leave me alone.
Andina  : What’s the problem? Tell me.
Andini   : I can’t tell my pain and sorrow in words.
Andina  : Oh, I guess. It must be about Andika. Am I right?
Andini   : Yes. He broke my heart again.
Andina  : Please. Come on girl. Don’t take it into your heart. There is not only one guys, right?
Andini   : Yes, you are right. But I love him so much.
Andina  : OK. Let’s go to Tawangmangu and make some refreshing there. It will open your mind and heart.
Andini   : OK. Let’s go.
Question
The underlined utterances express Andini’s ____________________


Activity 8.
Learn the following expressions
Text Box: v Please, leave me alone.
v I can’t tell my pain and sorrow in words
v It brought me a lot of miseries
v My heart is so burdened
v I’m so sad to hear this
v I’m feeling bad at this time being
v I regret having to do this
 












Activity 9.
In pairs. Write an interpersonal dialogue based on the situation given.
01.  You are falling in love with a girl. But she refuse you. One of your friends knows your sorrow
Your friend  : Hey, why do you look so sad? I know, it must be about Rika. She refused you, didn’t she?
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
(continue by your self)

02. Your friend has just broken up with her girlfriend. He is sad now. He is sharing her sorrow with you.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : Well, I broke up with Siti yesterday.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
(continue by your self)

03. Your friend’s grandmother has just passed away. She is sad now. She sharing her sorrow with  you.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : Well, my grandma died last week. I can’t forget her until this time. She was a good women.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
(continue by your self)

A.3.2. Expression of Anxiety

Activity  10
Rectangular Callout: Usually he always comes on time at 08.00 pm. I’m afraid something happen with him.Observe the picture, then answer the question.
 






                                                           


Kelly                                                                                             Catherine





                        From the dialogue above we know that Catherine expresses her ________

Activity 11.
Observe these expression
Text Box: q I’m worried about…
q I’m afraid …..
q I’m scared …
q I’m really in a flap about…
q I’m anxious about…
q I fear that …..
q I am very concerned about ..
 













Activity 12.
In pairs. Write an interpersonal dialogue based on the situation given.
02.  Your little sister has been playing  outside since this morning. It is 05.00 pm but she hasn’t come yet.
You and your mother start to worry.
Your mother: It’s getting dark but your little sister hasn’t come home yet. I am worried about her.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your mother: ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your mother: ______________________________________________________________________
(continue by your self)

02. Your friend borrowed your motorcycle. He promised to come back soon. It has been 10 hours but he
       hasn’t arrived yed. You are worry about him.
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
You                        : ______________________________________________________________________
Your friend  : ______________________________________________________________________
(continue by your self)

B.    Modelling of Text.
Activity 13
Answer the following questions!
1. Have you ever read a short story or novel?
     __________________________________________________________________________________
2. Is it interesting or not?
     __________________________________________________________________________________
3. What does it actually tell about?
     __________________________________________________________________________________
4. Why do most teenagers like reading short stories or novel?
     __________________________________________________________________________________

Activity 14.
Read the following Short Story
The Broken Promise
            Ita saw a mother –hen quickly gathering its chicks under its wings. Then, Ita looked up and saw a hawk flying high up in the sky. Ita asked her grand mother, “ Why don’t  the hen leave chicken alone?”
            Ita’s grandmother told her the following story:
Once upon a time, a hawk fell in love with  a hen. The hawk flew down from the sky and asked the hen, “Will you marry me?”

        The hen loved the brave, strong hawk and wished to marry him. But he said, “ I cannot fly as high as you can. If you give me time, I may learn to fly as high as you. Then we can fly together”.

        The hawk agreed. Before he went away, he gave the hen a ring. “ This is to show that you have promised to marry me, “ said the hawk.
   
        It so happened that the hen  that the  hen had already promised to marry  a rooster. So, when the rooster saw the ring, he became very angry. “throw that ring away at once!” shouted the rooster. The hen was so frightened at the rooster’s anger that she threw  away the ring immediately.

        When the hawk came a few month later, the hen told him the truth. The hawk was so furious that he cursed the hen, “Why didn’t you tell me earlier ? Now, you’ll always scratching  the earth, and I’ll  always be flying above to catch  your children,” said the hawk.
            “ The curse seems to have come true, doesn’t it? “ Ita’s grandmother said.
                 (Adapted from Look Ahead 2: Eudia Grace, 2005: 42)

Questions
1. What does the story tell about?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
2. Why did the mother-hen quickly gather its chicks under its wings?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
3. What did the hawk say after flying down the sky?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
4. What characteristics of the hawk did the hen like?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
5. Why did the hawk give the hen a ring ?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
6. Why was a roster angry?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
7. What did the hawk do to show his anger?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
8. Why did the hawk  curse the hen?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
9. What is meant by the sentence” The curse seems to have come true”?
    __________________________________________________________________________________
10.  The word “furious” is closest in meaning to ….
    __________________________________________________________________________________
11. Complete the table based on the story above!
     
No.
Adjectives
Verbs
Noun
1.
strong


2.

Lengthen

3.


Success
4.


Anger
5.
free



Activity 15
Read the text and answer the questions
RORO JONGGRANG
( The legend of Prambanan Temple)
The war between Pengging and Prambanan raged in the battlefield. The commander of Pengging was Prince Bandung Bandawasa and the commander of Prambanan was King Baka, a big giant. The King of Prambanan was killed, and the war was over. His wife, Roro Jonggrang, a very beautiful queen was safe.
Bandung Bandawasa fell in love with Roro Jonggrang and proposed her to be his wife. Roro Jonggrang refused his proposal because she thought it would be better if he proposed her daughter, Nawangsih. But Bandung insisted to marry her. Roro Jonggrang asked him a marriage settlement. She would accept him as her husband if Bandung could make a magnificent temple with a thousand beautiful statues around it and finished them in one night before the sun shone.
He agreed her and prayed for help to Gods. When the night fell a big work began. In the field there was a noise of carving and arranging stones, but no one could see what happened.
Bandung Bandawasa almost finished his temples, but Roro Jonggrang cheated him. She asked villagers to burn paddi plants in the East, so the women grinded the rice and the cocks crowed. It signed that the sun shone. Bandung knew about this and became angry. He revenged her and made her a statue.
Bandung Bandawasa was deeply in love with Roro Jonggrang. So he was very disappointed seeing Roro Jonggrang became a statue. He saw the statue from a certain distance, and the statue waved him and smiled. Bandung Bandawasa called her aloud, “ Jonggrang, don’t leave me!”. He came closer to her but it was a stone. He did it again and again. Bandung broke his heart and came home to Pengging. And Jongrang ran away from Bandung Bandawasa to a certain village.
Bandung’s father, the king of Pengging asked about the war. But Bandung just smiled and called Roro Jonggrang, “Oh, Jonggrang, will you marry me?”. His father asked him again about the war, but Bandung did not care his father’s order. His father became very angry and said, “Bandung , you are the commander of Pengging, but you acted as if  you were a dog". Suddenly, Bandung became a dog.
The dog ran away to the village. However, in the village  the dog met a women who was weaving clothes. The woman was in trouble with the spin (mata pintal benang). She said, “Whoever could help with my spin, he would be my husband.” No one could help her but the dog.
Answer the following questions based on the story.
1.   When did the story occur?
       ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2.  Where did the story happen?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3      Mention the characters involved in the story?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Who won the fight ?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5. Did Bandung Bondowoso fall in love with Roro Jonggrang ?
     ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

6. Did she finally accept his love? Why?
     ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. What did she ask Bandung Bondowoso to do ?
     ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
1.     Did Bandung succeed in completing 1.000 statues as Roro Jonggrang requested ?
     ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
9. What did Roro Jonggrang do to cancel Bandung‘s work ?
     ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2.     What did Bandung do after knowing her trickery ?
      ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3.     What do you feel after listening the story ?
      ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.     What is the moral message from the story
      ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

C. Joint Construction of the text

 Activity 16
In Pair, rearrange the story of “ Malin Kundang “ into good and meaningful paragraph.
                                                                                                                                               
(        )
A
Some days later his ship left the harbor. The sea was calm but when he reached the open sea there was a great storm. The ship was drowned. Malin Kundang and his money changed into a stone.

(        )
B
One day Malin Kundang told his mother that he would go to town and work there. At first his mother did not allow him but finally she let him go with tears.

(        )
C
Some years later he sailed to a harbor near his village. When his mother heard about this news she came to meet him. Malin Kundang pretended not to know her. He said, “You are not my mother. Go away !” His mother became very sad and before she went she said, “Oh, Malin Kundang, you are wicked son. You’ll never be safe now. You and your money will turn to stone.”

(        )
D
Now people call it Batu Simalin Kundang. We can see the stone from Air Manis, a village on the coast of West Sumatra near Padang.

(        )
E
An old woman and her son lived in a little village. Her son was called Malin Kundang. They were very poor but they loved each other very much.

(        )
F
Malin Kundang worked hard in a big town and in a short time he became a rich man. However he completely forgot  his poor old mother.

Adapted from active reader 2A
   
         Finishing rearrange the story above , pay attention to the generic structure of the narrative

Title
Malin Kundang
Orientation
An old woman and her son lived in a little village. Her son was called Malin Kundang. They were very poor but they loved each other very much.
Complication
One day,……..


Resolution
Malin Kundang worked hard…














D. Independent Construction of text
Activity 17
     Now, it is time for you to write your own narrative
q  Choose a very well known tale, myth, fable or fairy tale in your town
q  Make a raw draft first
q  Use the generic structure of Narrative
q  Consult your teacher before developing  your draft  into final one.
q  Finishing writing the final draft, perform it in front of the class.
Example:
Your story telling:
            Good morning class. This morning. I’ll tell you a story from  North Sumatera. Have you ever heard about the Danau Toba ? . Here is my story. Long ago  ……………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………


Name    : ________________________    Student Number: ________________________

No.
Aspects of scoring
Scoring


Low (45-59)
Average (60-75)
Good (76-100)
1.
Pronunciation



2.
Intonation



3.
Stress



4.
Gestures




Total




Total Score





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